A Visual of Parshat Mishpatim
Parshat Mishpatim is full of laws that bring order and justice to a society. As the Hebrews left Egypt and needed order in their lives, these many rules help to create a civil society. Because of the nature of this parsha, I am going to do a visual look at Mishpatim. Rather than focus on one law, this way I can create a visual essay that travels through many laws.
This is a project that could go on and on and I had to stop myself from adding more images.
I hope that it enriches your recall of the parsha and its many laws.
And these are the ordinances that you shall place before them:
But if the bondsman shall say, "I love my master, my wife and my children- I shall not go free, then his master shall bring him to the court and shall bring him to the door or to the doorpost and his master shall bore through his ear with the awl, and he shall serve him forever." Exodus 21:6
He who fatally strikes a man shall be put to death.
When men fight, and one of them pushes a pregnant woman and a miscarriage results, but no other damage ensues, the one responsible Heb. “he.” shall be fined according as the woman’s husband may exact from him, the payment to be based on reckoning.
You shall not ill-treat any widow or orphan.
If you do mistreat them, I will heed their outcry as soon as they cry out to Me,
But if other damage ensues, the penalty shall be life for life,
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,
burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.
If he knocks out the tooth of his slave, male or female, he shall let him go free on account of his tooth.
When a man opens a pit, or digs a pit and does not cover it, and an ox or an ass falls into it,
the one responsible for the pit must make restitution; he shall pay the price to the owner, but shall keep the dead animal.
Exodus 21: 33-34
When a man lets his livestock loose to graze in another’s land, and so allows a field or a vineyard to be grazed bare, he must make restitution for the impairment cLit. “excellence.” of that field or vineyard.
When a fire is started and spreads to thorns, so that stacked, standing, or growingdLit. “field.” grain is consumed, he who started the fire must make restitution.
When a man gives money or goods to another for safekeeping, and they are stolen from the man’s house—if the thief is caught, he shall pay double;
if the thief is not caught, the owner of the house shall depose before GodeSee note on 21.6. that he has not laid hands on the other’s property.
If a man seduces a virgin for whom the bride-price has not been paid,fSo that she is unmarried; cf. Deut. 20.7; 22.23 ff. and lies with her, he must make her his wife by payment of a bride-price.
You shall not tolerate gLit. “let live.” a sorceress.
You shall not wrong a stranger or oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.
If you take your neighbor’s garment in pledge, you must return it to him before the sun sets;
it is his only clothing, the sole covering for his skin. In what else shall he sleep? Therefore, if he cries out to Me, I will pay heed, for I am compassionate.
You must not carry false rumors; you shall not join hands with the guilty to act as a malicious witness:
Six years you shall sow your land and gather in its yield;
but in the seventh you shall let it rest and lie fallow. Let the needy among your people eat of it, and what they leave let the wild beasts eat. You shall do the same with your vineyards and your olive groves.
Six days you shall do your work, but on the seventh day you shall cease from labor, in order that your ox and your ass may rest, and that your bondman and the stranger may be refreshed.
Three times a year all your males shall appear before the Sovereign, the LORD.
You shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread—eating unleavened bread for seven days as I have commanded you—at the set time in the month of Abib, for in it you went forth from Egypt; and none shall appear before Me empty-handed; (I am still hunting for the artist of this beautiful drawing. I will add it in once I have located the proper person!)
The choice first fruits of your soil you shall bring to the house of the LORD your God.
You shall not boil a kid in its mother’s milk.
I am sending an angel before you to guard you on the way and to bring you to the place that I have made ready.